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6 Things that Show Up on Background Checks

6 Things that Show up on a Background Check

What can be brought up in a Background Check?

Well the short answer is, “it depends”.

It is mainly dependent on how extensive the background check is that they are conducting. This will vary depending on the concerns of the employer and the position the applicant is being considered for. Most companies will have a basic package consisting of a social security address verification, a county level criminal check, national criminal database check, and sex offender registry check but the employers can add on more services at their request.

What type of searches are conducted?

County Search - The county level criminal background search consists of an on-site manual search of criminal court records in any county in the United States. These records will indicate if an applicant has any felony or misdemeanor charges or filings within the last 7 to 10 years. Consumer Reporting Agencies (CRAs) need to follow Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) and can only provide all reportable misdemeanor and felony cases going back 7 years.

State Wide - The state-wide criminal record search will reveal records that have been reported to the state repository and include each county in the entire state (where available).

National Search- This search consists of a database containing over 75 million criminal records. Information provided is limited to the reporting frequencies and consistencies from County, City, State and Federal Courts.

Federal Search - This search is conducted at the repository for federal criminal cases filed in U.S. District Courts nationwide. U.S. District Courts are trial courts for matters involving federal law.

Global Search - This search is conducted at a Global Level to find all known criminal and terrorist activities documented for your applicant. This consists of searching through the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), Fraud and Abuse Control Information Systems (FACIS), Office of the Inspector General Search (OIG), and Specially Designated Nationals List (SDN).

Social Security Trace -This search provides past and present addresses and names associated with an applicant. An address history determines which county courts researchers need to search for records that are associated with an applicant.

Other searches that can be conducted on a background check include employment verifications, education verification, drug screening, and reference checks among others. As stated previously depending on the concerns of the employer or the qualifications of the position you are applying for, the searches and verifications being conducted will vary.

How far does a background check look into?

When conducting a background check, all previously recorded history will be pulled. This includes any criminal records, home addresses, sex offender cases amongst others. However, the employer is usually not the one who will see these records. Only a consumer reporting agency (CRA) can legally conduct background checks. Therefore, the company the applicant is interested in will have a selected CRA to process their background screenings for them. Under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, a CRA can only provide reportable history within the last seven years to an employer.

What are your rights as an applicant?

Under federal law, an employer cannot illegally discriminate in their hiring process. Since the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, federal and state governments have enacted a number of laws that prohibit an employer from discriminating against the employee that does not involve the employee’s quality of work or nature of personality. Types of illegal discriminations include age, gender, race, appearance, disability, pregnancy, or religion. Some ways that employers can discriminate during the hiring process include inquiring about your ethnicity, your religion, if you are planning to have a child soon, and other questions that do not have relation or correlation to the job that you are applying for. If you feel like you are being denied a job based on discrimination, you can visit the Equal Employment Opportunity Commissions website and complete the assessment form to file your claim. The EEOC will contact the employer and the employer will have to provide substantial responses to your allegations. If the EEOC decides the answers aren’t legitimate, the result could be a settlement or litigation.

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